Representative members’ suggestions: The platform economy must be regulated and developed with equal emphasis on
Reading volume: During the convening of the National Two Associations in 2022, issues related to digital economic governance and platform corporate supervision became the focus of the industry. Representative members have contributed to how to regulate the development of platform economic suggestions.
Xinhua Silk Road, Beijing, March 11 (Analyst Zhao Na, Chen Cong) Under the wave of digital economy, platform economy represented by various consumption forms such as mobile payment, takeaway order, live broadcast and cargo The status and role of social development are increasingly prominent.
The issues related to digital economic governance and platform corporate supervision have become the focus of the industry. Representatives of the National Two Associations have provided suggestions on how to regulate the development of the platform for economic construction. The platform economy is a new type of economic form with the Internet platform as the main carrier, data as the key production factors, and the new generation of information technology as the core driving force and network information infrastructure as an important support.
Since the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia, a large number of offline economies have shifted to online platforms, and the platform’s economic development momentum is good, and it has become a new engine to promote my country’s economic and social development.
At the same time, its risks and shortcomings have gradually exposed- "two -choice one", "self -preferential treatment", "big data killing" and other acts of damage to fair competition frequently, which has aroused widespread attention in the society.
Short -board exposure and strengthening regulations In January 2022, 9 departments such as the National Development and Reform Commission and other 9 departments jointly issued the "Several Opinions on Promoting the Economic Standard and Sustainable Development of the Platform", which clearly adhered to development and regulation, adhered to "two unshakables", established establishment We will improve the platform economic governance system, build a dynamic and innovative institutional environment, and promote the healthy and sustainable development of the platform’s economy.
Starting from the strategy of building a new advantage of the country, establish a sound rule system, and optimize the platform’s economic development environment.
In 2021, the State Administration of Market Supervision, the Central Cyberspace Office, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other relevant regulatory departments have punched their punch in the platform’s economic supervision. Essence Some head platforms use capital advantages to form a monopoly behavior to force users to "two choose one"; "information cocoons" are banned from each other to prevent interconnection from interconnection; Privacy information, etc. The above methods make the monopoly behavior of the platform economy more concealed, and it is difficult to proof and difficult to determine.
Li Xiaoxuan, a representative of the National People’s Congress and the executive dean of the Yunnan School of Industry and Commerce, said in the proposal that interconnection has begun to achieve the initial results in the improvement of the problem of linked links between platforms.
However, interconnection is more open to each other’s flow pool between the platforms, involving the data chain.
At the same time, interconnection should not stop opening up between large enterprises, which should be essentially to include small and medium -sized enterprises and empower SMEs. Zhang Zhanbin, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and Dean of the Marxist School of the Central Party School (National Academy of Administration), suggested that the regulatory system should be improved and the level of digital economic governance should be improved. It is necessary to follow the laws of digital technology and industrial development, not only to prevent platform monopoly and capital disorderly expansion, and prevent platform enterprises from becoming a monopoly digital economy, but also encourage, lead and standardize the development of platform enterprises.
Strengthening the supervision of global consensus this year’s government work report clearly stated that "improving digital economic governance, release of data elements potential, better empower economic development and enrich people’s lives", we must further promote the implementation of fair competition policies, strengthen antitrust and anti -or not Just competition, maintaining fair and orderly market environment. This pointed out the direction for subsequent antitrust and anti -unfair competition.
In the field of platform economy, due to its unique levels, openness, win -win, and dynamic competition, the impact of the competition on behaviors is more complicated. This is a common challenge facing global antitrust law enforcement agencies. The U.S. government released from the "Digital Market Competition Survey Report". The anti -monopoly regulatory policy orientation has changed rapidly, conducting large -scale investigations on Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook and other companies. The EU’s antitrust penalty for large technology companies is greater than the United States.
At the beginning of 2022, the European Parliament voted through the "Digital Service Law", which aims to further strengthen the supervision of the operating activities of large Internet companies. At the same time, the European Commission authorizes the company’s highest level of the company’s global sales of 6%of the company’s highest fiscal year. Penalty. The US Strategy and International Issues Research Center issued a statement that it is necessary to supervise large technology companies, and pre -supervision can better control the negative impact of the dominant position of the technology giant.
In the future, a large platform enterprise of the "DigitalGatekeeeeeeeeeeeeeeper" is determined, or it will help the government more accurate supervision to avoid the regulatory relief of traditional lag.
From the perspective of representative members, the current domestic and foreign anti -monopoly measures are stricter, and the platform economy is an important part of the long -term development of my country’s digital economy. To curb monopoly behaviors and protect innovation are the inevitable choices of the high -quality development of China’s economy, creating an open -minded, standardized, orderly, and ensuring the security digital economy and ecology. It is not only the industry’s orientation, but also the development of multiple parties and long -term success.
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